Metacognitive Skills

What it is

An area of student need, involving difficulty with understanding and effective use of one’s mental strengths and weaknesses.

Teaching Strategies

• Use step-by-step instructions.
• Pair oral instructions with visuals.
• Use checklists for work completion.
• Frequently check with the student for understanding.
• Question the student on his/her process of problem solving.
• Model effective problem-solving strategies.


• Use preferential seating to avoid distractions.
• Use a visual timer.
• Post and refer to reference materials pertaining to starting work and problem solving.


• Provide extra time.
• Provide an alternative location.
• Provide proofreading and problem solving reference materials and/or checklists.
• Prompt students for timelines for tests.
• Chunk assignments and give feedback for each segment.