What it is
An area of student need, involving difficulty with understanding and effective use of one’s mental strengths and weaknesses.
• Use step-by-step instructions.
• Pair oral instructions with visuals.
• Use checklists for work completion.
• Frequently check with the student for understanding.
• Question the student on his/her process of problem solving.
• Model effective problem-solving strategies.
• Use graphic organizers to outline steps for tasks and to reinforce problem-solving skills (define the problem, determine options, evaluate options, choose an option, reflect on choice).
• Provide examples.
• Help the student make connections to effective thinking skills.
• Use a chart for reflection on effective choices.
• Teach how to appropriately ask for help.
• Have the student vocalize his/her thoughts.
• Use computers and assistive technology (graphic organizers).Less... More...
• Use preferential seating to avoid distractions.
• Use a visual timer.
• Post and refer to reference materials pertaining to starting work and problem solving.
• Provide extra time.
• Provide an alternative location.
• Provide proofreading and problem solving reference materials and/or checklists.
• Prompt students for timelines for tests.
• Chunk assignments and give feedback for each segment.