What it is
An area of student need that involves low levels of cognition. Reduced intellectual ability reduces the understanding and functioning of a student compared to age/grade peers.
• Assess to determine current level of achievement.
• Use instructional methods related to the student’s strengths and interests.
• Analyze errors to determine gaps in learning.
• Develop and implement Individual Education Plan (IEP) programming (accommodations, modifications and/or alternative programming, as determined from assessment of the student).
• Use concrete pictures, models and hands-on materials to increase understanding.
• Use Differentiated Instruction methods frequently.
• Use repetition.
• Use realistic examples that the student has experienced.
• Re-teach/regularly review previously learned vocabulary and concepts.
• Frequently check for understanding.
• Use computers and assistive technology.
• Establish and use a home communication system.
• Chunk new information into steps.
• Reduce the quantity of work.
• Allow for additional learning time for new information.
• Reduce memory expectations and focus on the use of information.Less... More...
• Reduce visual and auditory distractions.
• Use preferential seating, so that the student is close to the teacher.
• Post reference material in the class for student use (math facts, alphabet, periodic table).
• Provide additional time.
• Offer a quiet work location.
• Allow for oral/scribed tests.
• Ensure understanding of test questions.
• Allow for a reference sheet to be used for tests.
• Provide choice of assignments, so that the student can choose an area of strength.
• Provide written instructions and rubrics for assignments.
• Chunk assignments into parts and provide feedback as each part is completed.
See the Mild Intellectual Disability and Developmental Disability sections for additional strategies and resources.
PowerPoint outlining criteria for intellectual diagnosis